What is a River?
A river is a natural waterway of freshwater, which flows towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river.
Most of the major rivers of India flow towards the east and drain out into the Bay of Bengal. There are only five rivers in India that flow from east to west Narmada, Mahi, Tapti river, Luni, and Sabarmati, and drain out into the Arabian Sea.
Today in this lecture, we will discuss the Major Rivers of India and in the next lecture will discuss more the east and the west-flowing rivers.
5 MAJOR RIVERS OF INDIA :
1. THE GANGA :
- Being the largest river in India, Ganga has been declared as the National River of India.
- Ganga is worshipped as the Goddess of Hindus.
- Gangotri Glacier, Nanda Kot, Nanda Devi, Kedarnath, Satopanth Glacier, Kamet, Trisul are the sources of Ganga.
- Its length is 2525 km.
- It rises from the western Himalaya and drains into the Bay of Bengal. The origin of the Ganga is called as Gangotri.
- It flows through the Varanasi, Haridwar, Allahabad, Kolkata, Kanpur, Patna, Ghazipur cities.
- The two most bridges of India i.e. Mahatma Gandhi Setu & Vidyasagar Setu are made over the Ganga.
2. GODAVARI :
- The Godavari is one of the sacred waterways of central India, near Nasik in Maharashtra.
- It is the largest river in South India as well as the second longest river in India.
- Brahmagiri Mountain is the source of Godavari and its length is 1465 km.
- Godavari flows from western to southern India.
- It flows towards the east, traversing the Deccan Plateau.
- In the end, it pours into the Bay of Bengal at Narasapuram in Andhra Pradesh.
- Godavari Bridge and Godavari Arch Bridge are its major bridges.
3. BRAHMAPUTRA :
- The Brahmaputra is the longest river in India which is known by different names based on the regions, it flows through.
- Brahmaputra originates from the Kailash Ranges of Himalayas and its length is 2900 km.
- Southwest Tibet in the Himalayas is the source of Brahmaputra Waterways.
- Naranarayan Setu, Dhola-Sadia, Saraighat Bridges are made over Brahmaputra. And, Bhupen Hazarika Setu (Dhola–Sadiya Bridge) is the longest river bridge in India.
4. YAMUNA :
- The Yamuna, which is the lifeline of Delhi is the second largest tributary river of the Ganga in northern India. The Yamuna is one of the most important rivers in India.
- It originates from the Yamunotri Glacier in the uppermost region of the Lower Himalaya in Uttarakhand and drains into the Triveni Sangam.
- The Yamuna takes place in the India river map as one of the important rivers in India.
- Yamunotri, Champasar Glacier are the sources of Yamuna and its length is 1376 km.
- It flows through Agra, Allahabad, Mathura, Yamuna Nagar, Noida, Delhi, Etawah, Baghpat, Firozabad, Kalpi, Hamirpur cities.
- New Yamuna Bridge, Allahabad bridges are made over the Yamuna.
- The Yamuna also creates natural state borders between the Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
5. KAVERI :
- The Kaveri is also known as Cauvery. It is the holiest river of South India and one of the important rivers in the territory.
- The Kaveri comes in the list of rivers in India which are the most famous amongst Indians.
- Talakaveri in the Western Ghats Mountain Range is the source of Kaveri and its length is 765 km.
- It flows through Tiruchirappalli, Talakaveri, Thanjavur, Srirangapatna cities. Cauvery Bridge is made over Kaveri.
- Shivanasamudra Falls created by Kaveri and Doddabetta is the highest point of the Kaveri basin.
In the General Knowledge section of various competitive exams such as IBPS, SSC & RRB, you may face questions related to these major 5 Rivers. For better understanding with tricks, check this video lecture -