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Human Anatomy And Physiology

Human Anatomy is a branch of biomedical science which deals with normal structure, shape, size, and location of various parts of the body.
Human Physiology is the branch of biomedical science dealing with the mechanical, physical and biochemical functioning of human body.

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Lessons/Tutorials All ❱

Basic principles of cell injury

diksha bhatla  
3 Jun 2022   

Cell injury is the common denominator in almost all diseases. It is defined as 'an alteration in cell structure or biochemical functioning, re...

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Morphology Of Cell Injury- Adaptive Changes

diksha bhatla  
4 Jun 2022   

Cell adaptation within limits: Most cells have the ability to adapt to changes in their environment by altering their morphology, pattern of growth ...

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Mechanism of Cell Injury -  Reversible and Irreversible Cell Injury

diksha bhatla  
4 Jun 2022   

Cell injury is the common denominator in almost all diseases. It is defined as 'an alteration in cell structure or biochemical functioning, resulting ...

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Homeostasis : definition, and mechanism | B.pharma 2nd sem. Notes 

diksha bhatla  
2 Jun 2022   

Homeostasis may be defined as “The maintenance of the internal conditions of the body at equilibrium, despite changes in the external environment”. ...

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Respiratory system in human beings

jigisha mehra  
25 Oct 2021   

The energy is generated by the breakdown of glucose molecules in all living cells of the human body.Oxygen is inhaled and is transported to various pa...

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Human Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones

prakash joshi  
11 Nov 2020   

Endocrine glands are the ductless glands which pour their secretions directly into the bloodstream. secretions are called as Hormones. human end...

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Practice (MCQs) All ❱

1 of 71

Q.1 Name the largest skeletal-muscle of the human body?

  • Biceps
  • Quadriceps femoris
  • Supinator
  • Sartorius


Biomedical ScienceHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.1 the wall of eyeball is made up of how many layers? 

  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5


DiplomaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.2 Out of the following options which one is NOT the accessory structure of eye?

  • Eyelids
  • the lacrimal apparatus
  • intrinsic eye muscles
  • eyebrows


DiplomaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.3 Which of the following statement is NOT true?

  • cornea is highly vascularized structure
  • vascular tunic is also known as uvea
  • the junction of sclera and cornea forms scleral venous sinus
  • melanin prevents reflection and scattering of light within eye


DiplomaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.4 In what condition the color of eye appears as blue?

  • When the concentration of melanin is high in iris
  • When the concentration of melanin is moderate
  • When the concentration of melanin is very low
  • none of the above


DiplomaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.5 What causes the size of pupil to decrease during bright light

  • contraction of circular muscles of iris
  • contraction of radial muscles of iris
  • relaxation of circular muscle of iris
  • relaxation of radial muscle of iris


DiplomaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.6 Which one is the only body part where the blood vessels can be viewed directly?

  • iris
  • heart
  • retina
  • choroid


DiplomaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.7 Which of the following is the retinal neurons present in ganglia cell layer?

  • rods
  • cones
  • amacrine cells
  • none of the above


DiplomaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.8 Which structure is also known as the “blind spot”?

  • optic disc
  • macula lutea
  • cornea
  • ciliary body


DiplomaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.9 Color blindness is due to defect in ________

  • Cones
  • Rods
  • Rods and cons
  • Rhodopsin


DiplomaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.10 Which of the following is the function of sclera?

  • gives the shape to eyeball
  • makes it more rigid
  • protects inner parts
  • all of the above


DiplomaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.1 Skin or bone is an example of what level of organization

  • organ
  • macromolecule
  • cell
  • tissue


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyB. PharmaDiploma in Pharmacy

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Q.2 Which one of the following traits is not a characteristic of life shared by all organisms?

  • growth
  • circulation
  • photosynthesis
  • digestion


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyB. PharmaDiploma in Pharmacy

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Q.3 Which of the following is the most complex level of organization?

  • macromolecule
  • organ
  • organ system
  • organelle


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyB. PharmaDiploma in Pharmacy

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Q.4 The ______________ of the body includes the head, neck, and trunk

  • dorsal cavity
  • axial portion
  • appendicular portion
  • ventral cavity


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyB. PharmaDiploma in Pharmacy

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Q.5 The _____________ cavity is the portion enclosed by the pelvic bones

  • abdominopelvic
  • abdominal
  • thoracic
  • pelvic


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyB. PharmaDiploma in Pharmacy

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Q.6 The lungs are covered by a membrane called the _____

  • parietal pleura
  • visceral pleura
  • parietal pericardium
  • peritoneum


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyB. PharmaDiploma in Pharmacy

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Q.7 The ______________ system includes all the glands that secrete hormones.

  • muscular
  • endocrine
  • nervous
  • lymphatic


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyB. PharmaDiploma in Pharmacy

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Q.8 A ______________ section divides the body into right and left portions.

  • sagittal
  • coronal
  • transverse
  • oblique


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyB. PharmaDiploma in Pharmacy

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Q.9 Anatomy is a term that means the study of _____.

  • physiology
  • human functions
  • morphology
  • cell functions


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyB. PharmaDiploma in Pharmacy

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Q.10 A study dealing with the explanations of how an organ works would be an example of _____

  • anatomy
  • physiology
  • cytology
  • teleology


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyB. PharmaDiploma in Pharmacy

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Q.1 Which of the following includes the other terms?

  • systm
  • cell
  • organ
  • tissue


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.2 Which of the following terms means the same as ventral in humans?

  • posterior
  • anterior
  • dorsal
  • medial


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.3 The chin can be described as being on the _____ surface of the skull.

  • inferior
  • lateral
  • superior
  • ventral


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.4 Which of the following terms cannot be properly paired?

  • cranial, skull
  • nasal, buccal
  • orbital, eyes
  • frontal, forehead


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.5 Which term refers to the back of the knee?

  • popliteal
  • pelvic
  • pedal
  • perineal


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.6 Which types of neurons are likely to increase muscular activities?

  • bipolar neurons
  • inhibitory neurons
  • sensory neurons
  • accelerator neurons


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.7 When a neuron reaches action potential, it depolarizes and repolarizes in an amount of time on the order of _____________

  • seconds
  • miliseconds
  • microseconds
  • nanoseconds


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.8 Which structure within the cell produces ATP (adenosine triphosphate)?

  • the mitochondria
  • the nucleus
  • peripheral proteins
  • the endoplasmic reticulum


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.9 In which part of a cell does the process of making ATP from oxygen and glucose take place?

  • lysosomes
  • ribosome
  • mitochondria
  • dna


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.10 Which cell organelles contain an acidic environment capable of digesting a wide variety of molecules?

  • Ribosomes
  • Mesosomes
  • Goglgi apparatus
  • Lysosomes


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.1 Which of the following is a function of the skeletal system?

  • haemopoiesis
  • haemostasis
  • peristalsis
  • glycogenolysis


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyB. Pharma

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Q.2 In which of the following bone structures do osteocytes live?

  • canaliculi
  • osteons
  • lacunae
  • lamellae


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyB. Pharma

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Q.3 Which bone is most superior?

  • cervical vertebra
  • patella
  • manubrium
  • occipital bone


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyB. Pharma

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Q.4 What is a “trochanter”?

  • projection that forms part of an articulation
  • part of a femur
  • groove in which lies a tendon
  • a feature of the pelvis


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyB. Pharma

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Q.5 One of the functions of bones is to make red blood cells. What is this process known as?

  • Haemopoiesis
  • Haematuria
  • Haemostasis
  • Haemolysis


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyB. Pharma

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Q.6 Where do osteocytes reside?

  • In lamellae
  • In lacunae
  • In trabeculae
  • In endosteum


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyB. Pharma

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Q.7 Which one of the following is a bone that is embedded within a tendon?

  • hyoid
  • sesamoid
  • sphenoid
  • ethmoid


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyB. Pharma

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Q.8 Which bone of the head has a synovial joint?

  • The mandible
  • The sphenoid
  • The maxilla
  • The hyoid


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyB. Pharma

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Q.9 What are the bones of the fingers known as?

  • carpals
  • phalanges
  • short bones
  • metacarpals


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyB. Pharma

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Q.10 Which of the following comprise seven bones?

  • Cranial bones
  • Carpals
  • Lumbar vertebrae
  • Cervical vertebrae


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyB. Pharma

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Q.1

Which of the following is not an aspect of the pathophysiology in disease

  • Morphological changes
  • Therapeutic treatment
  • Causes
  • Pathogenesis


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.2 Which of the following is a cell death

  • Apoptosis
  • Gluconeogenesis
  • Glycogenesis
  • Lipolysis


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.3 Which of the following is physical agent of cell injury?

  • Dil. HCl
  • Hypoxia
  • Viruses
  • Hot Surface


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.4 Hypoxia is occurs in following condition except

  • Anaemia
  • Thyroid disease
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Lung disease


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.5 Iatrogenic causes means

  • Cell injury by Pharmacist
  • Cell injury by Nurse
  • Cell injury by Physician
  • None of the above


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.6 Adaptation means reversible change in

  • Functions of cell
  • Size of cell
  • Phenotype of cell
  • All of the above


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.7 Which of the above is not a cellular adaptation?

  • Hyperplasia
  • Hypertrophy
  • Hypoplasia
  • Metaplasia


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.8 Ischemia causes following except

  • Increase Cytosolic Calcium
  • Detachment of Ribosome
  • Decrease in activity of Na pump
  • Increase Anaerobic Glycolysis


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.9 Loss of Calcium Homeostasis leads to

  • Decrease ATP Production
  • Nuclear Damage
  • Membrane Damage
  • All of the above


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.10 Cell mediated immunity is derived from

  • T cells
  • Monocytes
  • Eosinophils
  • B cells


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and Physiology

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Q.1 Redness in inflammation is occur due to

  • Vasodilation
  • migration of leukocytes
  • Increase hydro static pressure
  • Vasoconstriction


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyBachelor of Pharmacy

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Q.2 Swelling in inflammation is also called

  • Vasodilation of blood vessels in dermis
  • Infiltration of neutrophil
  • Edema
  • Ischemia


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyBachelor of Pharmacy

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Q.3 The edema is most likely the result of

  • Increased vascular permeability
  • Increased arterial hydrostatic pressure
  • Vasodilation
  • All of the above


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyBachelor of Pharmacy

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Q.4 The cell which lost ability to proliferate is called

  • Stable
  • Labile
  • Permanant
  • All of the above


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyBachelor of Pharmacy

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Q.5 Which of the following factors are delay the healing process?

  • Movement
  • Infection
  • Poor blood supply
  • All of the above


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyBachelor of Pharmacy

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Q.6

EGF stands for

  • Edema growth factor
  • Enzyme growth factor
  • Energy growth factor
  • Epithelial growth factor


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyBachelor of Pharmacy

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Q.7 Prostaglandins (PGs) are

  • LOX pathway product
  • Cytokinines
  • Vasoactiveamines
  • COX pathway product


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyBachelor of Pharmacy

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Q.8 CD8+ cell is also called

  • Cytotoxic T cells
  • Helper B cell
  • Helper T cell
  • Cell None of above


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyBachelor of Pharmacy

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Q.9 HLA stands for

  • Human leukocyte Antigen
  • Human leukocyte Antibody
  • Human leukocyte Agent
  • Human leukotrine Antigen


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyBachelor of Pharmacy

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Q.10 What do you mean by autoimmune diseases?

  • Increase ability to identify between self & non -self
  • Decrease ability to identify between self & non -self
  • Hypo activity of immune responses
  • Hyper activity of immune responses


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyBachelor of Pharmacy

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Q.1

Which of the following Antibody involve in Type-I ypersensitivity reaction?

  • IgG
  • IgA
  • IgE
  • IgM


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyBachelor of Pharmacy

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Q.2 Which immunoglobin is react with allergens?

  • IgE
  • IgM
  • IgA
  • IgD


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyBachelor of Pharmacy

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Q.3 Rheumatoid Arthritis is a example of

  • Type I Hypersnsitivity
  • Type II Hypersnsitivity
  • Type III Hypersnsitivity
  • Type IV Hypersnsitivity


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyBachelor of Pharmacy

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Q.4 Which of the following part of the HIV is bind to CD4 receptor of of T per cell?

  • gp120
  • gp12000
  • gp12
  • gp1200


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyBachelor of Pharmacy

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Q.5 HIV AIDS is a ____ disease.

  • Autoimmune
  • Hyper immunity
  • Immunodeficiency
  • All of above


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyBachelor of Pharmacy

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Q.6 __________ protein transfer thyroxine & retinol.

  • TTR
  • AL
  • APrP
  • TLS


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyBachelor of Pharmacy

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Q.7 Which of the following is not a type of cellular adaptation?

  • Hypertrophy
  • Superplasia
  • Hyperplasia
  • Atrophy


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyBachelor of Pharmacy

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Q.8 The common cause of atrophy are as follows except

  • Decreased work load
  • Loss of innovation
  • Stimulation of endocrine hormone release
  • Inadequate nutrition


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyBachelor of Pharmacy

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Q.9 Which enzymes are responsible for removal of free radical

  • Superoxide dismutase
  • Peroxidase
  • Catalase
  • All of the above


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyBachelor of Pharmacy

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Q.10 Cell swelling is a result of

  • Decreased protein synthesis
  • Decreased lactic acid secretion
  • Decreased activity of sodium pump
  • Increased glycogen production


D. PharmaHuman Anatomy and PhysiologyBachelor of Pharmacy

Practice Tests All ❱

Basics of Physiology Practice Test part-1 for Staff Nurse and Pharmacist Exams

Basics of Physiology Practice Test part-1 for Staff Nurse and Pharmacist Exams
(25 Questions , 34 attempts)

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Human health and Disease : class 12th biology practice test | MCQs for NEET

Human health and Disease : class 12th biology practice test | MCQs for NEET
(25 Questions , 1 attempts)

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Practice test 1 (Human Anatomy and Physiology) for competitive exams

Practice test 1 (Human Anatomy and Physiology) for competitive exams
(25 Questions , 957 attempts)

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Practice Test #2 Human Anatomy and Physiology

Practice Test #2 Human Anatomy and Physiology
(25 Questions , 240 attempts)

View Test

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