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Human Anatomy and Physiology One Liners

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Human Anatomy and Physiology Practice MCQs

1 of 50

Q.1 A person living at a high altitude will have-

  • High alveolar capacity
  • More erythrocytes
  • Haemoglobin curve shifted towards right
  • All of these


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2 of 50

Q.2 The exchange of gases in the alveoli of the lungs takes place by-

  • Simple diffusion
  • Osmosis
  • Passive transport
  • Active transport


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3 of 50

Q.3 Lungs are enclosed in-

  • Pericardium
  • Peritoneum
  • Pleura
  • Perichondrium


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4 of 50

Q.4 Pasteurization of milk means-

  • All bacteria are killed
  • Milk is enriched with vitamins
  • Pathogenic bacteria are killed
  • Milk casein is partially digested


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5 of 50

Q.5 Haemoglobin - oxygen dissociation curve is-

  • Hyperbolic
  • Straight
  • Sigmoid
  • Constant


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6 of 50

Q.6 Arytenoid cartilage occurs in-

  • Nose
  • Larynx
  • Hyoid
  • Sternum


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7 of 50

Q.7 Respiratory Quotient (RQ) is less than 1 for -

  • Potato
  • Citrus Fruits
  • Castor seeds
  • Banana


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8 of 50

Q.8 A pacemaker is implanted when one of these is defective-

  • SA node
  • AV node
  • Purkinje fibres
  • Bundle of lines


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9 of 50

Q.9 Circulation of blood was discovered by-

  • Darwin
  • Harvey
  • Aristotle
  • Pasteur


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10 of 50

Q.10 The sensation of stomach pain is due to-

  • Interoreceptors
  • Exteroreceptors
  • Proprioreceptors
  • Teloreceptors


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11 of 50

Q.11 Arbor vitae is mainly composed of-

  • Gray Matter
  • Neuroglial cells
  • White matter
  • All of these


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12 of 50

Q.12 Atoconium is found in-

  • Perilymph
  • Haemolymph
  • Synovial fluid
  • Otolithic membrane


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13 of 50

Q.13 Eyelashes are lubricated by-

  • Ceruminous glands
  • Meibomian glands
  • Lacrymal glands
  • All of these


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14 of 50

Q.14 Structure connected with vision in rabbit is-

  • Corpus callosum
  • Corpus albicans
  • Hippocampus
  • Corpora quadrigeuina


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15 of 50

Q.15 Organs of Ruffini are receptors of-

  • Cold
  • Pressure
  • Heat
  • Touch


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16 of 50

Q.16 Which of the following cranial nerves of man is Both sensory or motor?

  • Optic
  • Vagus
  • Olfactory
  • Trigeminal


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17 of 50

Q.17 Cardiac cycle in man takes about-

  • 0.5 seconds
  • 1.2 seconds
  • 1.0 seconds
  • 0.8 seconds


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18 of 50

Q.18 RBCs are generally destroyed in the liver, while WBCs are destroyed in-

  • Plasma
  • Lymph
  • Inside various cells of body
  • Out side the blood stream


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19 of 50

Q.19 The hormone responsible for urine concentration is-

  • Vasopressin
  • Pitocin
  • Thyroxine
  • Renin


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20 of 50

Q.20 Gigantism and acromegaly result from hypersecretion of-

  • ADH
  • GH
  • STH
  • None of the above


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21 of 50

Q.21 Emergency gland of blood is-

  • Thymus
  • testis
  • Adrenal
  • Pituitary


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22 of 50

Q.22 The calcium level in the blood can be increased by administration of-

  • Glucagon
  • Thyroxine
  • Parathormone
  • Clcitonin


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23 of 50

Q.23 Shape of an Eye is maintained by-

  • Aqueous Humour
  • Vitreous humour
  • Conjunctiva
  • All of these


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24 of 50

Q.24 RBCs in the mammals have no nucleus because -

  • it has degenerated during development
  • they do not have nucleus since early
  • nucleus is harmful for RBCs
  • Nucleus decrease surface area


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25 of 50

Q.25 Which of the following are respiratory organs of scorpions?

  • Lungs
  • Book-lungs
  • Gills
  • Ctenidia


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26 of 50

Q.1 A person with sickle cell anaemia is

  • more prone to malaria
  • more prone to typhoid
  • less prone to malaria
  • less prone to typhoid


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27 of 50

Q.2 Which one of the following disease is non – communicable ?

  • Diphtheria
  • Flu
  • Cancer
  • Malaria


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28 of 50

Q.3 Which of the following pairs contains an infectious and a non-infectious disease respectively ?

  • Typhoid and AIDS
  • AIDS and cancer
  • Pneumonia and malaria
  • Cancer and malaria


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29 of 50

Q.4 Typhoid fever in human beings is caused by

  • Plasmodium vivax
  • Trichophyton
  • Salmonella typhi
  • Rhinoviruses


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30 of 50

Q.5 Which of the following is the bacterial disease in humans ?

  • Dysentery
  • Malaria
  • Plague
  • Both (a) & (c)


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31 of 50

Q.6 Which of the following pathogens causes whooping coough ?

  • Legionella spp.
  • Burcella melitensis
  • Vibrio cholerae
  • Burcella melitensis


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32 of 50

Q.7 Which one of the following sets includes bacterial diseases ?

  • Tetanus, tuberculosis, measles
  • Diptheria, leprosy, plague
  • Cholera, typhoid, mumps
  • Malaria, mumps, poliomyelits


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33 of 50

Q.8 The common cold is caused by

  • Rhino viruses
  • Streptococcus pnemoniae
  • Salmonella typhimurium
  • Plasmodium vivax.


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34 of 50

Q.9 Hepatitis B is transmitted through

  • sneezing
  • female Anopheles
  • coughing
  • blood transfusion


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35 of 50

Q.10 A toxic substance, responsible for the chills and high fever recurring every three to four days in malarial fever, is

  • interferon
  • haemozoin
  • hirudin
  • colostrum


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36 of 50

Q.11 Humoral immunity is associated with

  • T-cells
  • B-cells
  • macrophages
  • both (a) and (b)


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37 of 50

Q.12 The antibody which can cross placental barrier is

  • IgA
  • JgE
  • IgM
  • IgG


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38 of 50

Q.13 The most abundant class of immunoglobulins (Igs) in the body is

  • IgA
  • IgG
  • IgE
  • IgM


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39 of 50

Q.14 A protein or polysaccharide molecule that stimulates antibody formation.

  • antigen
  • antibiotics
  • exotoxin
  • endotoxins


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40 of 50

Q.15 Passive immunity can be conferred directly by

  • vaccines
  • antitoxins
  • colostrum
  • both (b) & (c)


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41 of 50

Q.16 Which form of pathogen is used in vaccination ?

  • Activated and strong pathogenic antigens
  • Inactivated and weakened pathogenic antigens
  • Hyperactive and strong pathogen
  • Preformed antibodies


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42 of 50

Q.17 Injection of antitoxin in tetanus confers which type of immunisation ?

  • Active immunisation
  • Passive immunisation
  • Auto-immunisation
  • Humoral immunisation


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43 of 50

Q.18 The term ‘antitoxin’ refers to a preparation containing

  • B-lymphoctyes and T-lymphocytes
  • antibodies to the toxin
  • weakend pathogen
  • inactivated T-lymphocytes.


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44 of 50

Q.19 Vaccine against polio viruses is an example of

  • auto-immunisation
  • passive immunisation
  • active immunisation
  • simple immunisation


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45 of 50

Q.20 During the life cycle of Plasmodium, sexual reproduction takes place in which of the following hosts ?

  • Human
  • Female Anopheles mosquito
  • Male Anopheles mosquito
  • Both (a) and (b)


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46 of 50

Q.21 Amoebic dysentery (amoebiasis) is caused by

  • Entamoeba histolytica
  • E. coli
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • Trichophyton


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47 of 50

Q.22 Which one of the following diseases cannot be cured by taking antibiotics ?

  • Plague
  • Amoebiasis
  • Leprosy
  • Whooping cough


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48 of 50

Q.23 Elephantiasis, a chronic inflammation that results in gross deformities is caused by

  • Ascaris
  • E.coli
  • Wuchereria
  • Trichophyton


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49 of 50

Q.24 Which of the following is affected by the infection of Wuchereria bancrofti ?

  • Lymphatic vessels
  • Respiratory system
  • Nervous system
  • Blood circulation


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50 of 50

Q.25 Which of the following diseases is transmitted by the bite of the female mosquito vector ?

  • Filariasis
  • Amoebiasis
  • Typhoid
  • Pneumonia


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